History of the Siemens-Studios for electronic music.

Autumn 1955.
-The directors of Siemens decide, inspired by the German composer Carl Orff, to create a soundtrack of electronic music for the documentary movie about the Siemens Company- "Impulse of our Time". To create this soundtrack Siemens began the devlopment of the equipment and apparatus necessary for the creation and manipulation of electronic sounds.

October 1956
-The work group of the Siemens Central Laboratory starts the construction of the equipment in the electro acoustic laboratory in Gauting, near Munich. The apparatus consisted of; a vocoder (already installed in the laboratory for the field of language & music modulation), a specially designed punch tape-strip controller that controlls the pitch, duration and colour of a bank of oscillators, A punch tape reader, a sawtooth generator, reverb plate and a mixing desk

Spring 1959
-Making of the music for the movie. Internal showing of the film. First showing of the film with live punch-tape contolled sequenced electronic music.

February 1960
-Visits ito the laboratory by Pierre Boulez, Herbert Brün, Werner Egk, Karl Amadeus Hartmann, Ludwig Heck, Ernst Krenek, Henri Pousseur, Fred K.Prieberg, Hermann Scherchen with his disciples.
-Due to interest caused by the showing of the Siemens documentary and from other composers it was decided on the 17th july 1959, to install a permanent studio for electronic music.

October 1960
The electronic music studio moves into a two room area in the Siemens building at the Oskar-von-Müller-Ring, Munich.
-Installation of a picture scanner ("bildabtaster") for sound generation and volume modulation.
-Start of work in the field of applied music, electronic sound arrangement, electronic sounds for film, television, radio, theatre.
-Visits at the studio by Werner Meyer-Eppler, Gottfried Michael König, Abraham Moles.

July 1961
-Installation of the studio in six rooms in the Siemens building at Oskar-von-Müller-Ring.
-Start of permanent development work for the studio, amongst other things development of technique of sound synthesis, e.g. paper strip sequencing of 20 sine-generators with special installations.
-Possibility of two work shifts at the studio.
-Visits by Niccolo Castiglioni, Mauricio Kagel, György Ligeti, Andrzej Markowski, Jaques Wildberger, Yannis Xénakis.

July 1961 onwards
-1961 saw a concentration on individual composition and sound experimentation.Contacts were made with Pierre Boulez, Niccolo Castiglioni, Maurizio Kagel, Bruno Maderna, Henri Pousseur, Karlheinz Stockhausen and Yannis Xenakis who contributed to a series of record releases in 1961.
-"Introduction to Electronic Music" by Henri Pousseur released on vinyl record with a book.
-Visits by Boris Blacher, Gottfried von Einem, Franco Evangelisti, Jacques Guyonnet, Rafael Kubelík, Otto Luening, Myron Schaeffer, Karlheinz Stockhausen, Vladimir Ussachevsky.
Josef Anton Riedl.

 Biographie de Rafael Kubelík - Discographie de Rafael Kubelík - Liste des concerts de Rafael Kubelík - Les meilleurs enregistrements de Rafael Kubelík
 Biography of Rafael Kubelík - Discography of Rafael Kubelík - Concerts list by Rafael Kubelík - Best of Rafael Kubelík